The ancient Romans reckoned dates differently from what we do today. There were two specifically named days of the month, one of which was the ides. The ides fell on the 15th day of March, May, July, or October. In the other months, it was on the 13th day. Other dates were reckoned as so many days before or after ides, or the other named day, which we will discuss later in this series.
Most people are familiar with the Ides of March from William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Act 1, Scene 2, above. However, that date was an important one for ancient Romans. It was the 74th day of the calendar year, and the one on which debts were to be settled. It was also the feast of Anna Perenna, which concluded ceremonies in honor of the new year.